CLAUDIUS II GOTHICUS
Born 214 or 215, Died 270
Marcus Aurelius Valerius Claudius was a Dardanian from Upper Moesia. He was a military tribune under Trajan Decius and Valerian, who appointed him commander in Illyricum. He served under Gallienus helping to defeat Ingenuus in 260, fought against Postumus in 263, led Gallienus’s cavalry after that and he began the siege against the rebel Aureolus while Gallienus fought the Goths. Upon Gallienus’s arrival, Claudius was placed in charge of the reserves at Ticinum (a demotion).
When Gallienus died the two frontrunners for succession were Claudius and Aurelian, both of whom may have been involved in Gallienus’s murder. A story was put forth that, on his deathbed, Gallienus had named Claudius his successor. The army began to mutiny (they loved Gallienus), but Claudius sent each twenty aurei to buy their support. The senate, however, were happy with Gallienus’s removal and had his brother and son executed.
Claudius then began the siege against Aureolus at Mediolanum. Aureolus was defeated and executed. Next, he marched against the Alamanni successfully. In 269, he put down a revolt by a Laelianus at Trier, and then he faced various attacks by the Goths, Heruli, Juthungi and Vandals. Each were beaten back in turn, especially the Goths who were slaughtered by Claudius. To aid in these simultaneous assaults, Claudius utilized Julius Placidianus Quintillus and Aurelian. However, in 270, plague broke out and Claudius died during the outbreak.